Problem: Fowl were made from water or earth
Verses: Genesis 1:20, Genesis 2:19; Status: Weak

This is the King James Version's rendering of Genesis 1:20:

And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. (KJV)

This seems to say that fowl (i.e. birds) were created from water. But on the other hand, this is Genesis 2:19:

And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. (KJV)

This looks like a contradiction. But this seems to be an issue peculiar to the King James Version. By contrast, here's the New Revised Standard Version's rendering of Genesis 1:20:

And God said, 'Let the waters bring forth swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the dome of the sky.' (NRSV)

In this translation, there's simply no suggestion that the birds were made out of water. The same is true of most modern translations, including the more literal ones (e.g. the NASB and ESV).

Updated: 2009-04-02

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