Like many of the problems I look at, this one is from the Skeptic's Annotated Bible.
According to the First Book of Samuel, chapter 16, the prophet Samuel was instructed by God to choose one of Jesse's sons to become the next king. Samuel saw seven of Jesse's sons, and none of them pleased God, so he asked Jesse whether any yet remained. And Jesse said that his youngest son, David, had not yet appeared. This is 1 Samuel 16:10-11:
Likewise, 1 Samuel 17:12-15 clearly states that David is Jesse's eighth son. However, the following is 1 Chronicles 2:13-15:
So this seems like a contradiction. Looking Unto Jesus suggests that one of Jesse's sons died fairly young, and so was not counted in the Chronicles.
I don't find this very convincing. When Samuel was choosing from Jesse's sons, David was evidently old enough to be out tending sheep. All of his brothers were older still. It seems like they all lived long enough to be worth mentioning.
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