Both Matthew (5:1-7:29) and Luke (6:17-49) record that Jesus gave a long sermon at the start of his ministry, but they seem to differ on the location. According to Matthew 5:1, it was on a mountain:
On the other hand, Luke actually has Jesus come down from the mountain before giving it. This is Luke 6:12 and 6:17:
I suppose one could deal with the problem by suggesting that they're both right: Jesus was on a mountain, but on a plateau of some sort, and not right at the top. Alternatively, the ESV Study Bible suggests that these are actually two seperate incidents, with Jesus using the same content more than once, which is conceivable.
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